Aesthetics After Metaphysics: From Mimesis to Metaphor by Miguel Beistegui

By Miguel Beistegui

This publication specializes in a measurement of paintings which the philosophical culture (from Plato to Hegel or even Adorno) has continuously neglected, such was once its dedication – particular or implicit – to mimesis and the metaphysics of fact it presupposes. De Beistegui refers to this size, which unfolds open air the gap that stretches among the practical and the supersensible – the distance of metaphysics itself – because the hypersensible and exhibit how the operation of artwork to which it corresponds is healthier defined as metaphorical. The flow of the e-book, then, is from the classical or metaphysical aesthetics of mimesis (Part One) to the aesthetics of the hypersensible and metaphor (Part Two). opposed to a lot of the heritage of aesthetics and the metaphysical discourse on artwork, he argues that the philosophical worth of artwork doesn’t consist in its skill to bridge the gap among the practical and the supersensible, or the picture and the assumption, and exhibit the practical as proto-conceptual, yet to open up a unique feel of the practical. His target, then, is to shift the place and role that philosophy attributes to paintings.

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He must for that end advance from representing one single Figure to several together; he must paint History and Fable; he must represent great Actions like an Historian, or agreeable ones like the Poets. And soaring yet higher, he must by allegorical Compositions, know how to hide under the Vail of Fable the Virtues of great Men, and the most elevated Mysteries [les mysteres les plus relevez]. He is esteemed a great Painter who acquits himself well in Enterprizes of this Kind. ‘Tis in this that the Force, the Nobility and Grandeur of the Art consists.

It isn’t a matter, therefore, of art imitating nature, or nature imitating art, but of the conditions under which a feeling of pleasure can be indicative of something other than either a mere subjective sensation or a concept. If it is “universally communicable,”14 whilst not rooted in concepts, it is by virtue of the sensus communis that it postulates—a postulate that is legitimate because it emanates from reason from a practical point of view. ”15 If there is a relation of imitation, therefore, it is subtle and indirect, and displaces its allegorical, or neoclassical, as well its symbolic or romantic interpretations.

Kant calls imagination (Einbildungskraft) the faculty that mediates or bridges the space between the sensible and the intelligible. 10 Whereas schematism, as the mode of presentation of the pure concepts of the understanding, is direct, the mode of presentation of the ideas of pure reason can only be indirect, insofar as no sensible intuition can ever correspond to them. The mode in question can only ever be analogical, or symbolic. This is how we are able to represent a monarchical state ruled in accordance with laws internal to the people as an organic body.

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