After BSE - A future for the European livestock sector by E. P. Cunningham

By E. P. Cunningham

Europe confronted a huge main issue over the BSE phenomenon. as well as affecting farm animals breeders and red meat manufacturers, the BSE difficulty concerned many different sectors of society. those comprise the linked actions of animal health and wellbeing, meat processing, the leather-based undefined, the wholesale and retail sale of pork, nationwide and foreign alternate, flow regulate of cattle and, final yet now not least, the perceived new probability to human overall healthiness through CJD with all its complicated interactions among technological know-how, medication, politics and laws. This hindrance additionally had different results similar to declining public self belief in technological know-how, a scarcity of belief in legitimate and no more respectable supervision of matters affecting human health and wellbeing, damaged farm companies and a turning out to be fee to governments and to the ecu. EAAP ready a complete document on BSE which drew upon the deep strengths of the organization within the farm animals quarter in all its parts. the purpose of the document used to be to not protect the sectional pursuits of animal construction, fairly to enlighten all sectors of society who've to make judgements in this tricky subject and to make arrangements for different emergencies sooner or later. hence the composition of the crowd verified by means of EAAP to supply the file incorporated, besides cattle scientists, wonderful specialists from different sectors reminiscent of shopper matters, alternate, economics and future health. the result is an aim and forward-looking document that seeks to supply new views and a few thoughts for the long run, established upon an entire figuring out of the previous. The record isn't meant to rfile the reasons of BSE or to gainsay the medical details already released by means of well-known and authoritative our bodies facing animal healthiness concerns. It proposes a view of the wishes of the farm animals zone of tommorow: animal health and wellbeing tracking; animal items threat review and higher animal agriculture administration; foodstuff protection; consumer's wisdom of nutrients caliber; expert ethics within the cattle zone; and animal welfare

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Re-)emerging zoonoses Intensive livestock rearing practices facilitate the (re)-emergence of zoonotic diseases by interfering with the ecological balance between microorganisms and their mammalian hosts. This interference can lead to changes in virulence, host spectrum and/or other characteristics of the disease agent. However, the impact of these re-emerging diseases has been dramatically reduced as a result of improved hygiene and animal husbandry practices. Overall, new diseases have been detected at a rate of one per year over the past thirty years.

Secondly, the “collateral damage” to other sectors of the economy can be considerably larger than that carried by producers. Estimation of the total cost of disease outbreaks, and its dispersion across the different sectors, can be difficult. However, the economic impact of the most recent large scale disease epidemic, FMD in the UK, 2001, has been carefully analysed (DEFRA/DCMS 2002). The outbreak began on a pig farm in the North of England in February 2001, and lasted for 221 days. 4 million pigs) were slaughtered.

Most of these costs fell on sectors outside of agriculture. 5 billion a year) as a result of any disease control policy that would make use of vaccination. Livestock epidemics Trade facilitates the movement of animal diseases. Large numbers of susceptible livestock, kept at high stocking densities are extremely vulnerable to the introduction of highly contagious diseases such as FMD, CSF or Newcastle disease, demonstrated by the recent outbreaks of CSF in Germany and Holland and FMD in the UK and Argentina.

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